• Ei tuloksia

SAFIR2010 overview - VTT project pages server

N/A
N/A
Info
Lataa
Protected

Academic year: 2023

Jaa "SAFIR2010 overview - VTT project pages server"

Copied!
26
0
0

Kokoteksti

(1)

SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010 overview overview

Prepared by Eija Karita Puska (Director of SAFIR2010) www.vtt.fi/safir2010

eija-karita.puska@vtt.fi

(2)

SAFIR2010

Background – Reactor Safety

In Finland

In Finland publicpublic nuclearnuclear safetysafety researchresearch waswas organisedorganised intointo research

research programmesprogrammes withwith 3-3-44 yearyear durationduration at theat the endend of 1980of 1980’s’s SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010--programme (2007programme (2007--2010) is a2010) is a partpart ofof thisthis continuumcontinuum SAFIR2010 is

SAFIR2010 is basedbased onon FinnishFinnish Nuclear Energy actNuclear Energy act Programme

Programme hashas annualannual callscalls forfor proposalsproposals,, evaluationevaluation andand fundingfunding decisions

decisions

MainMain fundingfunding sourcessources VYRVYR--fundfund (=funding(=funding collectedcollected annuallyannually according

according to the Nuclear Energy Actto the Nuclear Energy Act fromfrom FinnishFinnish utilitiesutilities FortumFortum and TVO) and VTT,

and TVO) and VTT, otherother fundersfunders includeinclude alsoalso foreignforeign sourcessources

(3)

SAFIR2010

The research is a continuum

(4)

SAFIR2010

Background – Other Research Areas

InIn WasteWaste ManagementManagement areaarea aa similarsimilar programme, KYT2010, isprogramme, KYT2010, is going

going on (1on (1-1,5 M-1,5 M€€ annually)annually)

InIn GenIVGenIV areaarea aa relativelyrelatively smallsmall NETNUCNETNUC programprogram fundedfunded byby thethe FinnishFinnish Academy ofAcademy of SciencesSciences startedstarted in 2008in 2008

InIn FusionFusion Finland isFinland is activelyactively participatingparticipating in the EU/ITERin the EU/ITER research

research

(5)

SAFIR2010

share of SAFIR2010 in Reactor Safety Research

Funding sources in 2007, Total 47,2 M€

Pow er companies

70 % VYR

8 % VTT 11 %

Tekes 3 %

EU 4 %

Others 4 % Research Areas in 2007, Total 47,2 M€

Nuclear Waste Management outside KYT2010

58 % KYT2010

3 % Reactor Safety

outside SAFIR2010

15 %

SAFIR2010 14 %

Fusion 10 %

Other 0 %

(6)

SAFIR2010

Basis and objectives of SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010 research

SAFIR2010 research programmeprogramme is strongly based on theis strongly based on the chapter 7a,

chapter 7a, “Ensuring expertise“Ensuring expertise””, of the Finnish Nuclear Energy, of the Finnish Nuclear Energy Act. The objective is

Act. The objective is ““to ensure that, should such new factorsto ensure that, should such new factors concerning safe operation of nuclear facilities emerge that coul concerning safe operation of nuclear facilities emerge that couldd not be foreseen, the authorities have such sufficient and

not be foreseen, the authorities have such sufficient and

comprehensive nuclear engineering expertise and other facilities comprehensive nuclear engineering expertise and other facilities at their disposal that can be used, when necessary, to

at their disposal that can be used, when necessary, to analyseanalyse without delay the significance of such factors.

without delay the significance of such factors.”” The objective of SAFIR2010 is

The objective of SAFIR2010 is realisedrealised in the research workin the research work carried out and in the training of experts in these research carried out and in the training of experts in these research projects. NB. In Nuclear Energy quartile is 25 years!

projects. NB. In Nuclear Energy quartile is 25 years!

SAFIR2010 is also an important network in Finland both in SAFIR2010 is also an important network in Finland both in domestic and in international matters

domestic and in international matters

(7)

SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010 networking

1616 membersmembers inin SteeringSteering GroupGroup 8080 membersmembers inin ReferenceReference

Groups Groups

40-40-5050 membersmembers in Ad Hocin Ad Hoc groups

groups

150-150-180180 personspersons workingworking annually

annually in thein the researchresearch projectproject (typically(typically 1-1-66 monthsmonths perper

person) person)

(8)

SAFIR2010

Organisation and quality management of SAFIR2010

Steering Group

Reference Groups and

ad hoc groups

Projects

Project realisation

SAFIR2010 management handbook

According to

Management system of research organisation Steering and strategic planning

Strategic planning in the area and scientific

quidance

(9)

SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010 Research Areas

1.1. OrganisationOrganisation and human factorsand human factors 2.2. Automation and control roomAutomation and control room 3.3. Fuel and reactor physicsFuel and reactor physics 4.4. Thermal hydraulicsThermal hydraulics

5.5. Severe accidentsSevere accidents

6.6. Structural safety of reactor circuitStructural safety of reactor circuit 7.7. Construction safetyConstruction safety

8.8. Probabilistic safety analysis (PSA)Probabilistic safety analysis (PSA)

-- Covers all essential areas of nuclearCovers all essential areas of nuclear safety

safety -

- Emphasis onEmphasis onnuclear specific’nuclear specific areasareas

SAFIR2010 Total funding in 2010

1. Human 5 %

2. Automation 8 % 3. Core

14 %

4. Thermal 15 % 5. Severe

11 % 6. Materials

25 % 7. Concrete

14 %

8. PSA 8 %

(10)

SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010 in 2010

LastLast yearyear of theof the programmeprogramme (2007-(2007-2010)2010) Packing

Packing upup thethe fourfour yearyear researchresearch inin mostmost projectsprojects Planned

Planned volumevolume appr. 7,1 Mappr. 7,1 M€, 48€, 48 p.y. and 33p.y. and 33 researchresearch projectsprojects MostMost projectsprojects continuedcontinued fromfrom 20082008

TwoTwo entirelyentirely newnew projectsprojects

VTTVTT co-co-ordinatorordinator and mainand main responsibleresponsible organisationorganisation in 26in 26 projects

projects,, othersothers LUT (3), HUT&TTL (1), HUT(1), FMI (1), FortumLUT (3), HUT&TTL (1), HUT(1), FMI (1), Fortum (1)(1)

(11)

SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010 in 2010

Total funding in 2010 7,1 M€

VYR 42 %

VTT 37 %

Others 12 %

TVO NKS 3 %

2 % EU

0 %

Fortum 4 %

(12)

SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010 in 2010

Total costs in 2010 7,1 M€

Personnel 84 % Other

Travel 4 % 5 %

Ext serv 4 % Mat&suppl

3 %

(13)

SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010

Total funding in research areas 2007-2010

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 2000

1. Hum an

2. Aut om

ation

3. Core

4. Therm al

5. Sev ere

6. M aterials

7. Conc rete

8. P SA

k€

2007 2008 2009 2010

(14)

SAFIR2010

VYR-funding in 2007-2010

VYR-funding by research area

0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700

1. Hum an

2. Aut om

ation

3. Core

4. Therm al

5. Sev ere

6. M aterials

7. Conc rete

8. P SA

k€

2007 2008 2009 2010

(15)

SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010 Results

In 2007:

In 2007:

149 149 Specified Specified research research results results ( ( Deliverables Deliverables ) ) 195 195 Publications Publications : :

19 Scientific,

50 Conference papers,

79 Research institute reports, 38 Other categories

13 13 Academic Academic degrees degrees 4 Doctoral,

9 Master level

(16)

SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010 Results

In 2008:

In 2008:

170 170 Specified Specified research research results results ( ( Deliverables Deliverables ) ) 194 194 Publications Publications : :

20 Scientific,

46 Conference papers,

86 Research institute reports, 42 Other categories

9 9 Academic Academic degrees degrees 2 Doctoral,

7 Master level

In 2009:

In 2009: similarsimilar magnitudesmagnitudes,, PublicationPublication CDCD byby JuneJune 20102010

(17)

SAFIR2010

SAFIR2010 Results

In 2009:

In 2009:

178 178 Specified Specified research research results results ( ( Deliverables Deliverables ) ) 235 235 Publications Publications ( ( preliminary preliminary count count )*: )*:

29 Scientific,

84 Conference papers,

86 Research institute reports, 36 Other categories

11 11 Academic Academic degrees degrees 1 Doctoral,

10 Master level

**PublicationPublication CDCD byby JuneJune 20102010

(18)

Research

Research Projects Projects in 2010 in 2010

(19)

SAFIR2010

Organisation and human factors

TwoTwo projectsprojects in thein the areaarea in 2010:in 2010:

Safety culture and organizational learning

Safety culture and organizational learning (MANOR, VTT)(MANOR, VTT) Safety culture studies have key role in the project

Expert work in safety critical environment (SAFEX,

Expert work in safety critical environment (SAFEX, TTL&Aalto)TTL&Aalto) Studying such items as “Knowledge sharing in interorganizational context”

(20)

SAFIR2010

Automation and control room

Three

Three oldold projectsprojects in thein the areaarea in 2010,in 2010, allall runrun byby VTT:VTT:

Model

Model--Based Safety Evaluation of Automation SystemsBased Safety Evaluation of Automation Systems (MODSAFE)

(MODSAFE) Certification

Certification FacilitiesFacilities for Software (CERFAS)for Software (CERFAS)

Final project goal is to create a competent certification body in Finland

Operator

Operator practicespractices andand human-human-systemsystem interfacesinterfaces inin computer-computer- based

based controlcontrol stationsstations

Studies on Designing large screen overview displays for nuclear power plant control rooms

NEWNEW project:project: Requirements engineering in nuclear power plantRequirements engineering in nuclear power plant (VAHAYA), Aalto (&VTT)

(VAHAYA), Aalto (&VTT)

(21)

SAFIR2010

Fuel and reactor physics

Three

Three projectsprojects in thein the areaarea in 2010,in 2010, allall runrun byby VTT:VTT:

FuelFuel Research:Research:

Development and validation of Fuel performance codes (POKEVA) Emphasis on using international well-known codes

Minor own development Reactor

Reactor Dynamics:Dynamics:

Tridimensional core transient analysis methods (TRICOT) Strong tradition of own code development

Reactor

Reactor PhysicsPhysics::

Total reactor physics analysis system (TOPAS) Traditionally use of several international codes Recently strong own code development

(22)

SAFIR2010

Thermal hydraulics

BothBoth calculationscalculations withwith systemsystem codescodes (APROS, TRACE) and(APROS, TRACE) and CFD (

CFD (FluentFluent,, Star-Star-CDCD..) and..) and experimentsexperiments Projects

Projects runrun byby VTT and LappeenrantaVTT and Lappeenranta UniversityUniversity ofof TechnologyTechnology Strong

Strong couplingcoupling ofof experimentsexperiments andand calculationcalculation methodsmethods Seven

Seven projectsprojects in 2010:in 2010:

Numerical modelling of condensation pool (NUMPOOL,VTT) Improved thermal hydraulic analyses of nuclear reactor and containment (THARE,VTT)

CFD modelling of NPP steam generators (SGEN,VTT) Improvement of PACTEL Facility Simulation Environment (PACSIM,LUT)

Condensation experiments with PPOOLEX facility (CONDEX, LUT) Passive system safety simulation (PASSIMU,LUT)

NEW project:OpenFOAM CFD-solver for nuclear safety related flow simulations (NUFOAM), (Fortum)

(23)

SAFIR2010

Severe Accidents

Aerosol

Aerosol research,research, codecode calculationscalculations (MELCOR and(MELCOR and severalseveral other

other codes)codes) ownown small/mediumsmall/medium scalescale experimentsexperiments FourFour projectsprojects in 2010,in 2010, allall runrun byby VTT:VTT:

Release of radioactive materials from a degrading core (RADECO) Primary circuit chemistry of fission products (CHEMPC)

Core melt stabilization (COMESTA)

Hydrogen combustion risk and debris coolability (HYBCIS2)

(24)

SAFIR2010

Structural safety of reactor circuit

Largest

Largest researchresearch areaarea of SAFIR2010of SAFIR2010 Covers

Covers small, medium andsmall, medium and largelarge scalescale experimentsexperiments andand versatile

versatile calculationalcalculational toolstools Seven

Seven projectsprojects in 2010,in 2010, allall runrun byby VTT:VTT:

Risk-Informed Inspections of Piping (PURISTA) Fatigue endurance of critical equipment (FATE)

Water chemistry and oxidation in the primary circuit (WATCHEM) Monitoring of the structural integrity of reactor circuit (RAKEMON) Fracture assessment of reactor circuit (FRAS)

Influence of material, environment and strain rate on

environmentally assisted cracking of austenitic nuclear materials (DEFSPEED)

Renewal of active materials research infrastructure (AKTUS)

(25)

SAFIR2010

Construction safety

Three projects in 2010, all run by VTT:

Three projects in 2010, all run by VTT:

Service Life Management System of Concrete Structures in Nuclear Power Plants (SERVICEMAN)

IMPACT 2010

Structures under Soft Impact (SUSI)

The IMPACT2010 and SUSI are a project

The IMPACT2010 and SUSI are a project--pair with strongpair with strong coupling between the experiments and calculation methods.

coupling between the experiments and calculation methods.

(26)

SAFIR2010

Probabilistic safety analysis

Three

Three projectsprojects in 2010:in 2010:

Challenges

Challenges ofof risk-risk-informedinformed safetysafety management (CHARISMA,management (CHARISMA, VTT)VTT)

Implementation

Implementation ofof quantitativequantitative fire-fire-riskrisk assessmentassessment in PSAin PSA (FIRAS, VTT)

(FIRAS, VTT) Extreme

Extreme weatherweather and nuclearand nuclear powerpower plantsplants (EXWE, FMI)(EXWE, FMI)

Viittaukset

LIITTYVÄT TIEDOSTOT

The proposed Regulation on Governance of the Energy Union (Governance Regulation) focuses on the contents of, and processes for, Member States to create and implement